Preventative Health Care
Preventive care is any medical service that defends against health emergencies. It includes doctor visits, such as annual physicals, well-woman appointments, and dental cleanings. Some medicines are preventive, such as immunizations, contraception, and allergy medications. Screenings, such as tests for skin cancer, high cholesterol, and colonoscopies, are effective preventive measures.
The goal of preventive care is to help people stay healthy. Just as health comprises a variety of physical and mental states, so do disease and disability, which are affected by environmental factors, genetic predisposition, disease agents, and lifestyle choices. Health, disease, and disability are dynamic processes which begin before individuals realize they are affected. Disease prevention relies on anticipatory actions that can be categorized as primal, primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.
You can control the risk factors for many of the leading causes of death. A comprehensive preventive care program can lower your odds of becoming another statistic. For example, preventable risk factors such as avoiding tobacco use, maintaining your proper weight, regular exercise and other steps can significantly reduce your chances for illness or premature death. Your doctor can help you with effective healthy lifestyle strategies that will eliminate or reduce these risk factors. You may not be able to control every medical condition, but following preventive care guidelines may lessen your chances of serious illness or moderate some symptoms.
Fewer trips to the doctor, urgent care or the emergency room to treat problems associated with preventable risk factors add up to a higher quality of life and more money in your pocket.